An Elementary OS Overview For Debian Users
I was recently needed to re-install my Linux distribution. I’ve been a vanilla Debian user for at least 10 years now and most recently had started using EXWM as my window manager. I was having a lot of fun with that but thought that it might also be fun to see what some of the more user-friendly desktop Linux distros could offer.
I decided to try out Elementary OS because it looked very nice and was based on Ubuntu (which is based on Debian so it should be hard for me to really mess things up). After playing around with the live version on a thumbdrive for 30 minutes I decided to install it and try things out “for real”.
It’s been, well, nice, but weird. Here’s what I wish I had known before I got started, and hopefully it will help a few other people who are used to the Debian way of doing things.
What I’m Working With
First, here’s what I’m working with:
Lots Of Ways To Install Packages
One of the first things I started playing with was AppCenter, which is basically the Elementary OS app store. It has a very nice UI and offers a lot of packages out-of-the-box that many other distros do not..
So I started installing a bunch of packages using AppCenter that I needed using this tool, like Zoom. I then opened the terminal app and tried launching Zoom like this:
07:27:44 tom@poochie tmp → zoom Command 'zoom' not found, but can be installed with: sudo apt install zoom-player 07:27:46 tom@poochie tmp →
Uh, I’m pretty sure that AppCenter told me that I just installed Zoom. So I checked the launcher window and there it was. Hmm. Well, let’s launch it and see what the process table tells me:
ps auxwww | grep zoom | grep -v grep
tom 9652 0.0 0.0 6636 832 ? S 19:24 0:00 /usr/libexec/flatpak-bwrap --args 34 zoom tom 9680 0.0 0.0 6896 1596 ? S 19:24 0:00 /usr/libexec/flatpak-bwrap --args 34 zoom tom 9681 0.0 0.0 14348 3444 ? Sl 19:24 0:00 /app/extra/zoom/ZoomLauncher tom 9683 0.0 0.0 7068 3536 ? S 19:24 0:00 sh -c export SSB_HOME=/home/tom/.zoom; export QSG_INFO=1; export QT_AUTO_SCREEN_SCALE_FACTOR=1; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/app/extra/zoom; export BREAKPAD_CLIENT_FD=3; /app/extra/zoom/zoom "" tom 9684 9.0 3.0 4589728 239016 ? RLl 19:24 0:52 /app/extra/zoom/zoom tom 9652 0.0 0.0 6636 832 ? S 19:24 0:00 /usr/libexec/flatpak-bwrap --args 34 zoom tom 9680 0.0 0.0 6896 1596 ? S 19:24 0:00 /usr/libexec/flatpak-bwrap --args 34 zoom tom 9681 0.0 0.0 14348 3444 ? Sl 19:24 0:00 /app/extra/zoom/ZoomLauncher tom 9683 0.0 0.0 7068 3536 ? S 19:24 0:00 sh -c export SSB_HOME=/home/tom/.zoom; export QSG_INFO=1; export QT_AUTO_SCREEN_SCALE_FACTOR=1; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/app/extra/zoom; export BREAKPAD_CLIENT_FD=3; /app/extra/zoom/zoom "" tom 9684 9.1 3.0 4586380 234880 ? SLl 19:24 0:32 /app/extra/zoom/zoom
Uh, this is weird. So it turned out that the version of Zoom that I had installed using AppCenter was installed using Flatpak. It’s a new format that’s kindof like Snaps or AppImage (here’s an excellent comparison of the 3).
Which is ok I guess as long as I launch the app via the Applications Menu. But if you want to launch something from the command line (like rsync or emacs or and other cli app) then you have to prepend the exe name with some flatpak stuff.
Also, the location of config files changes with Flatpak-based executables. I
installed the Thunderbird flatpak using the AppCenter because the version
apt was too old for my profile. For as long as I’ve used
Thunderbird the config files have always been under
~/.thunderbird. How they’re
~/.var/app/org.mozilla.Thunderbird/. Not a huge deal but something that
tripped me up a little bit.
So dose AppCenter only install flatpaks? Well, I used to think so (and an older version of this article assumed that it did) but thankfully davidhewitt on Reddit reached out to me to me with an explanation. He said that when you install a flatpak from a web browser using a repo like Flathub then that repo is added to the list of AppCenter repos. So yes, you can install some flatpaks from AppCenter but you can install from lots of different repos.
Which I have to admit, is confusing, but very cool and probably a godsend for new Linux users. I just need to get used to it now 😼
There are some nice things about Flatpaks too. On vanilla Debian the standard way of installing software that wasn’t available in the official repo was to either compile it from source (my preference) or try “pinning” something from the testing version (which I long ago learned to avoid).
But installing from a Flatpak is stupid simple on Elementary. You can either install the app using AppCenter or go to a site like Flathub and just click on a link. That’s pretty freakin’ sweet and much faster than compiling most non-trivial software from source.
The Status Bar Is Limited
The status bar shows some very important things (battery health, network status, bluetooth, etc.) but doesn’t seem to be very easy to add to. I’ve been spoiled recently by status bars that communicate everything from your VPN connection status to the score of your local hockey game. So this is a minor setback.
It’s Based on Ubuntu 18.04, Not Debian 9
When you do end up installing some of the apps using
apt you may notice that
they seem a little old. That’s because the current version of Elementary is based
on Ubuntu 18.04 and not Debian 9. You can get around some of the old apps in
apt by installing Flatpaks but that doesn’t work for everything.
So What Else Is Positive?
There is a lot that I do like about distro:
- It really feels like some of the best parts of an OS X desktop without the bloat. Everything is very snappy, even on my 5 year-old laptop.
- It’s pretty much plug and play. Multiple monitors, wifi, audio, etc., all worked very well out-of-the-box.
- It simply looks great. It’s been a while since I’ve been able to enjoy the aesthetics of my desktop.
- The 8support community* so far has been very helpful and kind.
I’d love to complain about having to learn all of these new things in order to use Elementary but in reality it’s been a lot of fun. This is a very stable, eye-pleasing and easy-to-use distribution that does a lot of things in new and innovative ways. I look forward to seeing where this distro choose to go.